American History: Colonists, Puritans and George Whitefield

Spanish Colonist - the First Christian Settlers

The fist Christian settlers who came to spread the true religion among the Americans were Spanish colonists. They believed that their main mission was to bring the right religion to every corner of the world. They stated that religion was an integral part of every society. Having a spiritual type of religion, Native Americans quickly adopted the new religion, the Catholic one. Consequently, the Catholic Church aimed to convert Native Americans to Christianity. Nevertheless, the Native Americans felt miserable and helpless. The missionaries made them work for the church. Moreover, they tried to completely replace Native American religion. Consequently, the Pueblo Indians were dissatisfied with the priests, as well as missioners. They rebelled against the church by destroying Spanish buildings. They wanted to revive native traditions and customs.

 

Puritans - the New Missioners

In 1620, the new missioners appeared. They were Puritans who aimed to make the religion pure and innocent. The division of religion caused the emergence of new colonies in America. The motives of colonies were different, but many English colonists wanted to resettle in North America because of religion. Consequently, various challenges in political and religious spheres appeared in Massachusetts Bay Colony. The bright example may be Anne Hutchinson, who challenged the harshness of the Puritans leadership. Expelled from the Bay Colony, she helped create a new colony in Rhode Island. By and large, the Massachusetts Bay Colony became the initial point from which new colonies appeared. In fact, the position of Governor John Winthrop, as well as Puritan leaders, towards Anne Hutchinson was quite negative. He considered that the religion that Anne tried to follow was blasphemous. It was John Winthrop who led a counterattack against Anne. Consequently, he won the fight. Anne Hutchinson was sentenced to banishment.

Prominent Figures in American History: George Whitefield

George Whitefield is considered to be one of the prominent figures in the American history. He was an actor who played for the audience in order to illustrate the distress of hell and the happiness of salvation. The audience listened to his speech carefully since he managed to persuade them. He emphasized the importance of the forgiveness of sin. George converted slaves, as well as New Americans. Thousands of people listened attentively when he spoke. By shouting the word of God he delivered his sermons. Gorge had his own theological doctrine. His core theme was the necessity of the new birth, by which he spoke about a conversion background. One has to admit that George had good convincing skills. He spread his message with the help of definite persuasion. It seems that he had a gift to spread information effectively and quickly. Everyone believed him and was ready to follow at any time. His impact on the development of the American religion is priceless. By persuading people, he managed to show them the joy of the salvation.

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The Great Awakening

In accordance with the video, the Awakening had an enormous impact on the American society. It appeared from preaching that provided listeners with the sense of guiltiness. The individuals knew that it was the only way of salvation. By rejecting the ritual and ceremony, the Awakening enabled individuals feel guilty and encouraged introspection as a new norm of personal morality. Furthermore, it inculcated Christianity in African-American slaves. It had a core influence on reforming the Congregation church. The Great Awakening focused on individuals who were the members of the church by adjusting their self awareness, rituals, and piety. Moreover, one may admit that the Great Awakening was the reaction to the Enlightenment. In fact, not all Awakening ministers were ordained. The new tendency was a bit more democratic and faithful as well.

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