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Perspective on Bush’s Deal and Powell’s Address

The deal between the Bush administration and the Taliban is more unrealistic as its more clearly benefitting the Bush administration and Taliban government. What is more horrible is that, the United States of America being a member of the U.N and the biggest ally on human rights sought a “consensus-led” agreement that promotes crimes against humanity. Thomas Hobbey, the father of realism would claim that the deal was more of a realistic than any other expectations. In a realistic perspective, what Bush’s administration did or confirmed is that States are inherently self-centered and competitive. As the Bush’s administration seeks more power, it inclines in competition with the Taliban government that as far as they continue illegalizing drugs especially opium, they will support them financially even when human rights crimes are being committed. Indeed, States live in anarchy, and perceptively it confirms that the Bush’s administration is centered in survival from drugs would not care what happens as far as Americans are not in the end of the drug cartels. Survival is also in part of Taliban government, who are willing to illegalize opium which is the main commercial item for many people in exchange of funds from the Bush government as far as they survive, (Felton, 2005).

Also, the essence that the Taliban government is a sovereign hence it has control over its decision making processes, thereby they can decide to commit human rights crimes. These proves that there is no universal principles within nations, as one can follow another principle different from other state, resulting to a world of anarchy, survival and fighting for power. As a state, the U.S is using a more demeaning way to increase its power for the purpose of protecting its citizens; the Bush administration is willing to allow the Taliban government executes its citizens at the expense of the security of Americans. Hence, Bush is using a rather unacceptable but justified means in securing a drug free America and world, a character poised in national interest, hence Bush acted on the interests of the nation. Eventually, this deal seems representing more of actual and real characters of any state, a moral realism perspective.

Secretary of State Powell’s on offering additional aid and the current condition in Afghanistan tells much of a liberalism perspective. Even if liberalism is closely related to realism, it provides for a bigger picture in addressing conflict and achieving peace. Commercial peace theory is an arm of liberalism that Powell understood well. Powell announced more aid to a Taliban government which is persecuting its own people by indicating that the aid will not be supplied directly using the Taliban but by U.N agencies, non-profits and other charity organizations, an act that the Taliban could not do. These are a liberalism perspective that is aimed at helping the Afghans hence influence domestic politics on the purpose and actions of the Taliban government, (Steans, 2001). The theory seeks to enable states to compromise into a position of sharing and promoting each other so as to arrive at a common ground. Powell indicates that the U.N sanctions are designed not to touch the common Afghan but Taliban; hence the U.S is trying to reach out to the Afghans and influence domestic politics by softening sanctions. As drought has hit Afghans and a long time war there is need for compromises so as to put on track the Afghans hence there is need for help by moderating the actions and behavior of the government.

Alternative Perspective

Another perspective theory that can more describe the deal of Bush’s administration and the Taliban government is the regime perspective. These are a perspective that indicates that regimes or rather international institutions affect greatly the behavior of states. A regime can be defined as an institution that carries certain norms and procedures, decision and rules and timing that lead to expectations of a certain convergence. In the modern society regimes can be advocated to ruling parties, heads of states and a certain belief or following that defines character and behavior in nations. This perspective continues to argue that a regime of state individuals can affect the earlier behavior and direction of a state; hence in an anarchic system cooperation is possible as regimes represent instances of absolute cooperation. Earlier we discussed that realism concludes that conflict is a usual character of states, but regime theorists conclude that even if there might be anarchy cooperation is always possible and absolutely available, (Cambridge, 2012). In most cases, a number of factors become the centrally issues of the cooperation, these factors can include trade issues, collective security, healthy and environmental factors, human rights and other issues that affect both parties who its main instances that led to cooperation are regimes. This perspective has not taken the interest of many scholars, but in many ways it defines international relations in another level, a level that controversial we see in the current society.

The regime theory when used in the narration of the “Bush’s Faustian deal with Taliban” article provides a different set of objectivity. The Bush administration has made a more ruthless deal with the Taliban backed government of Afghanistan. Bush’s regime is not interested in the human rights violations of the Taliban regime mostly on women and supports terrorism but on the illegalizing of the drugs especially opium which is widely grown by Afghan. Bush regime through the Secretary of State Powell have announced an increase its aid to Afghanistan Taliban government by $43 million. These comes after the U.N has put sanctions on the Taliban put Powell puts it out that the sanctions are softened not to touch the Afghans much but topple the Taliban government. It is hilarious to see the Bush regime support a government that houses Osama Bin Laden, a person who has instigated terrorist acts on U.S embassies and consulates all over the world and are not willing to give them up. This cooperation between the two regimes is uncanny but it proves that even if the two share different norms and politics they have come to an agreement. The best the Bush government has got is the no planting and production of opium, which the Taliban have called, cursed. This is a show of the regime perspective and theory which indicates that whatever hostility between states, cooperation must be reached on certain factors, on this case being aid and non interference for the Taliban regime and opium for the Bush regime. At the same time, as the U.S is the largest champion of human rights it isn’t easy to give a blind eye of human rights violations by Taliban, hence I believe its only the Bush regime which could do so, and the Taliban want to desperately survive and need financial aid, hence disallowing opium is a big deal even when most Afghans grows it, (Shimko, 2013). In any manner whether the Taliban in future turns on Opium as a tax item, as the Drug Enforcement agency claims, the deal Bush made was basically a deal from one regime to another, with each considering certain factors that form their regimes.

Work Cited

  1. Shimko, Keith L. International Relations: Perspectives, Controversies and Readings. Boston, MA: Wadsworth, 2013. Print.
  2. An Introduction to International Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. Print.
  3. Steans, Jill, and Lloyd Pettiford. International Relations: Perspectives and Themes. New York: Longman, 2001. Print.
  4. Felton, Greg. Enemies by Design: Inventing the War on Terrorism. Joshua Tree, Calif: Tree of Life Books, 2005. Print
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