Roe v. Wade decision by the US Supreme Court was made in 1973 and it held that it is a constitutional right for a pregnant woman to choose between carrying the baby to term or to terminate the pregnancy; this decision has ever been contested. According to research 25% of US population are against the Roe v. Wade abortion decision, about 42% backs up the decision while about 18% finds abortion morally wrong but they are not against the decision. While there are instances when abortion is inevitable, is it really ethical to stop formation of life in order to cater for our social stability? Does legalization of abortion shows society disregard of parenting? This clearly depicts how controversial the issue of abortion has been in America and this can be taken to represent the situation as it is in the world at large. The controversy comes up when determining who to give the right to live-the mother or the foetus or both-and when different countries form law on abortion they take different perspective on this point.
It would be fair if the law provides that abortion is illegal or legal and at the same time provide exceptional situations. This would serve the interest of the two groups of people-those who are against and those who are for abortion. Different countries have different law regarding abortion; in the UK the law (Abortion Act of 1967) permits abortion up to 28 weeks pregnancy or when the pregnancy is seen as a risk to the mother’s life or when it is figured out that the baby will be born handicapped. This means that in the UK abortion may not be said to be fully legal or illegal since there are exceptional cases in each.
Laws which legalises abortion such as the Roe v. Wade give women the choice to control their lives and that of their unborn babies. However, this element of choice lacks moral framework under which the choice can be made in order to term abortion as necessary. The lack of moral framework will continue to make abortion an issue in the society. In Canada, abortion is legal at any stage of pregnancy and for any reason while in Mexico as per the Abortion Act of 2007; it is legal only during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. In Colombia, abortion is illegal but permitted when the life of the mother is at risk, when the baby is detected to have abnormalities upon birth, or in cases of pregnancies related to incest and rape.
After analyzing the take of law in countries where abortion is illegal, it can be deduced that the law gives allowance to when abortion may be legal but in countries where abortion is legal, there no provisions of when abortion may be taken as illegal. With this kind of contentious argument, perhaps the best way to address the topic of abortion will be to take one side and then point out why abortion is necessary or why it is not necessary.
The controversy of how to striking the balance between the life of a mother and that of the foetus causes different governments to have varied opinions on the issue of abortion. Legalization or illegalization of abortion by different governments depends on the side each of them decides to take on right to live. In case of legalization, the mother is given power to choose between keeping the baby or terminating the pregnancy at whatever stage disregarding whether the foetus has the ability to survive or not. In cases of illegalization, both the lives of the mother and the foetus are considered separately. The foetus has a right to life just like the mother but provisions are usually given when termination of the pregnancy may be required.
Since the decision by any government on the issue of abortion has been subjected to criticism from the public; it would only be effective if a government would provide abortion law which leaves room for special cases. For instance, a law that illegalizes abortion but gives rules on when abortion may be legal is quite effective in serving the interest of various people with different opinions on abortion. However, due to diversity of cultures in the world, it means that people may have different opinions on certain issues and the manner in which they handle them will always be different.