Timeline of Gender Movements
Hardly any theory, or movement can be initialized and function effectively without being represented and reasoned in literature. Thus, the appearance of major works on feminine criticism is considered the most relevant and crucial issue in the timeline of gender movements as a whole and subjected to our brief investigation.
“A Room of My Own” by Virginia Woolf is the first major work in feminist criticism. Published in 1929, it still arouses many heated discussions about gender consciousness in art, namely, the fact that female writers are in minority (Augustine, 1992, p. 15). The book emerged from a lecture on “Women and Fiction”, previously delivered by Virginia Woolf in Newnham and Girton at Cambridge, in October 1928.
Direct impact of Virginia Woolf’s “A Room of My Own” on the activity of contemporary gender movements is exemplified by the foundation of what is said to be “a transformational collective that changes the lives of creative women by honoring [their] artistic excellence and moving [them] out of isolation to a rich and whole community .” The foundation is called A Room of Her Own and was developed by Darlene Chandler Bassett and Mary Johnson in 2000 (Who We Are).
The French feminist critic Hélène Cixous developed Woolf’s ideas in her poststructuralist feminist text “The Laugh of Medusa”, in 1975. The author goes on to argue, “Women must write through their bodies... They must invent the impregnable language that will wrack partitions, classes and rhetorics.” (Augustine, 1992, p. 11).
Similar works in feminist criticism inspired numerous promotion of the right of women in education, politics, and so forth. Hence, the Girl’s and Women’s Education Initiative “aims to harness the potential of girls and women to learn, lead and act on their vision of change for themselves, their families, and their communities.” It is promoted by World Education – the enterprise that was begun by Welthy Honsinger Fisher, the founder of Literacy House. She started campaigning for women’s literacy and women’s independence in India in the 1950s, and consequently developed the idea into a global worldwide project (Girl’s and Women’s Education Initiative).
In conclusion, it can be argued that the most ambitious and enthusiastic issues in gender movements were launched by intelligent and educated women and inspired by previous works on feminist criticism. Hence, the significance of these works is hard to be undervalued.