Education and Agriculture in Rwanda
The Rwandan government faced many challenges in the education sector after the genocide attack. They introduce policies to curb the low turnout in the education sector. The Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) is one of the strategies used to improve the situation. The paper targets the young girls and women who are the majority of those uneducated in the country. The paper outlines the strategies like providing textbooks and other useful curricula at all educational levels. It is focused on the Information Communication Technology and technical education. The PRSP increases beneficiary contribution to the needy children and youth, contributing to education funds and increasing the cost recovery schemes used in institution. The government also improves the financial control and increases the efficiency of government resources. The Medium Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF) was created to contribute funds to the education sector in order to provide training required to develop skills and attitudes in youth. It monitors the expenditure of funds and seeks to improve the skills of youths in different sectors. Decentralization of education policies is also a way adapted to increase the efficiency of implementation of policies at the district level.
Strategies Plan for Agricultural Transformation (SPAT) improves the agricultural sector in Rwanda by changing the relationship between the different parties in the sector in order to adapt to new agricultural policies. The policies include diversifying and intensifying crop and animal production. It focuses on presenting new cultivation methods that increase productivity levels to integrate into the internal and external market demands. The other policy is diversifying income, especially in rural areas. Creating a sustainable environment for transforming the agricultural sector is achieved by revising the regulations and creating the agro-business sector that is focused on conservation of soil and water. The government has a growing awareness of the management of natural resources because its soil and water reserves are under threat. These actions will improve the soil texture and guarantee increased outputs. The government is also advocating for irrigation schemes in large and small scales in hilly and dry areas. The program increases the supply of fertilizers and agricultural inputs to reach the rural areas. Research is being carried out at different levels to identify hot zones in production of different agricultural products.