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Self-Help Skills

To motivate young children to develop self-help skills a preschool education teacher should allow children to put their toys and clothes in the proper locations, and praise and reward children if they have done this in a right way. Teachers should also show children how to complete a task, and use open-ended questions and activities. Children should be encouraged to learn how to feed themselves, dress and undress. Teachers should teach children the names of body parts, and words or signs which are related to using the toilet, show how to use hot and cold water, and how to wash hands.

The major areas of the classroom are: house and dramatic play area (helps to develop imagination), sensory area (children use their senses to learn), art area (helps to develop creative thinking, children’s drawings reveal their thoughts), movement and music areas (are very useful for children with disabilities), block area (children enjoy to play in this area), quiet area (except play, children also need to rest), and science area (children explore the natural world).

The major components of effective behaviour management are: reinforcement, redirection, time out, extinction, and punishment.

Children should be physically healthy, rested, and well nourished; be able to tell what they are thinking of and express their needs; and be curious to achieve success in kindergarten. To help children to develop kindergarten readiness skills, parents have to help them to develop positive self-esteem, have to encourage them to take responsibilities by doing small jobs, be engaged into activities without waiting for reward. Parents can also help their children to develop language skills by reading books to them. Teachers help children to prepare for a kindergarten by gradually reducing their guidance during activities.

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